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Line Infantry Loading, Regt. de Bearn--single figure
Item Number: QF-39
Period: French & Indian War
Line Infantry Loading, Regt. de Bearn
Battle of the Plains of Abraham, 1759.
The Régiment de Béarn was a French Army regiment active in the 18th century, and was recruited from the Picardy region of France. It is principally known for its role in the Seven Years' War, when it served with distinction in the North American theatre.
The Regiment was to take part at the siege of Fort William Henry 1757, and in 1758, the regiment participated in the defense of Fort Carillon. On September 13, 1759, they were present during the siege of Quebec City, and at the Battle of The Plains of Abraham, it was deployed in the centre. This Regiment probably underwent more changes in its uniform than any other regiment in New France. Waistcoats, collars, and cuffs were originally blue, but were changed to red in 1757.
In 1760, the 2nd battalion returned to France.
Although no longer used for their original function, grenadier companies were still part of French infantry battalions. They were still regarded as the “shock troops” who were hand picked from the biggest and strongest recruits.
At Ticonderoga, Montcalm detached the grenadiers and held them as a reserve behind the main defensive line.
There were only minor differences between the line infantry and the grenadiers. Apart from the use of a broad tipped curved sabre in place of the usual straight sword, the Grenadiers were encouraged to wear moustaches, whilst other soldiers had to be clean shaven.